Bibler.org  
Bible       Dictionary       Topics       Versions       
Loading Search...
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
 
Rizpah
(Rating = 5.0. Based on a page score of 100)
 
James Tissot, Rizpah's Kindness Toward the Dead George Becker, Rizpah Protecting the Bodies of Her Sons
 
 image 1
  image 2
RELATED: Abner, Armoni, David, Gibeonites, Mephibosheth, Saul


Easton's Bible Dictionary
coal; hot stone, the daughter of Aiah, and one of Saul's concubines. She was the mother of Armoni and Mephibosheth ( 2 Samuel 3:7 ; 21:8 , 21:10 , 21:11 ).

It happened that a grievous famine, which lasted for three years, fell upon the land during the earlier half of David's reign at Jerusalem. This calamity was sent "for Saul and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites." David inquired of the Gibeonites what satisfaction they demanded, and was answered that nothing would compensate for the wrong Saul had done to them but the death of seven of Saul's sons. David accordingly delivered up to them the two sons of Rizpah and five of the sons of Merab (q.v.), Saul's eldest daughter, whom she bore to Adriel. These the Gibeonites put to death, and hung up their bodies before the Lord at the sanctuary at Gibeah. Rizpah thereupon took her place on the rock of Gibeah (q.v.), and for five months watched the suspended bodies of her children, to prevent them from being devoured by the beasts and birds of prey, till they were at length taken down and buried by David.

Her marriage to Abner was the occasion of a quarrel between him and Ishbosheth, which led to Abner's going over to the side of David ( 2 Samuel 3:17 - 21 ).



Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names
bed; extension; a coal



Smith's Bible Dictionary
Concubine to King Saul, and mother of his two sons Armoni and Mephibosheth. (B.C. 1080.) The tragic story of the love and endurance with which she watched over the bodies of her two sons, who were killed by the Gibeonites, ( 2 Samuel 21:8 - 11 ) has made Rizpah one of the most familiar objects in the whole Bible.



International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
riz'-pa (ritspah, "hot stone"; Josephus, Rhaispha):

In 2 Samuel 3:7 the subject of a coarse slander. 2 Samuel 21 contains the pathetic story of Rizpah's faithful watch over the bodies of her dead sons Mephibosheth and Armoni ( 2 Samuel 21:10 , 11 ). Did this story suggest Tennyson's "Rizpah"? A three years' famine had made David anxious, and in seeking a reason for the affliction he concluded that it lay in Saul's unavenged conduct to the Gibeonites (2 Samuel 21:2). To appease Yahweh he gave up to the Gibeonites the two sons of Saul, Mephibosheth and Armoni, as well as Saul's 5 grandsons (whether by Michal or Merab; see MERAB). These seven were hanged at Gibeah. Rizpah watched 5 months over their exposed bodies, but meanwhile the famine did not abate. Word was brought to David of Rizpah's act (2 Samuel 21:10 , 11), and it is possible that her action suggested to David his next step in expiation. At any rate, he remembered the uncared-for bones of Jonathan and Saul lying in ignominy at Jabesh-gilead, whither they had been carried by stealth after the Philistines had kept them hung in the streets of Beth-shan for some time. The bones were recovered and apparently mingled with the bones Rizpah had guarded, and they were together buried in the family grave at Zelah. We are told that then "God was entreated for the land" (2 Samuel 21:14).

Henry Wallace

RELATED: Abner, Armoni, David, Gibeonites, Mephibosheth, Saul

Copyright Information: "Easton's Bible Dictionary", Matthew George Easton M.A., D.D., 1897; "Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names", Roswell D. Hitchcock, 1869; "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia", Orr, James, M.A., D.D., 1915; and "Smith's Bible Dictionary", Smith, William, Dr., 1901. are public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
   
   
 
 
 
 


about         contact         faqs         legal         privacy         word up!

Bibler.org
- Find the wisdom of the Holy Bible online. New American Standard Bible Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved http://www.lockman.org. The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation. For Permission To Quote information visit www.lockman.org. The American Standard Version Bible, the King James Version Bible, the Chinese Union Version Bible, Easton's Bible Dictionary, Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names, the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia and Smith's Bible Dictionary are Public Domain and may be freely used and distributed.  All trademarks and tradenames are the sole property of their respective owners. Not responsible for typographical errors.   Copyright 2012 - 2013 Bibler.org.  All rights reserved. Bibler.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Advertisements displayed on this page are NOT associated with Google or Google AdSense.
 
 


James Tissot, Rizpah's Kindness Toward the Dead

'Rizpah's Kindness Toward the Dead'


James Tissot, 1900 (est.), France.
(This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.)
George Becker, Rizpah Protecting the Bodies of Her Sons

'Rizpah Protecting the Bodies of Her Sons'


George Becker, 1873, USA.
(This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.)